Kew Gardens (12), London Location map
 
  View of the Pagoda, Kew Gardens, Richmond, London, England   Kew Gardens, London.

The Pagoda is a ten-storey Chinese-style octagonal building built by William Chambers in 1762 and stands 163 feet high. It tapers with each successive floor being 1 ft less in diameter and height than the preceding one. Purists argue that pagodas should always have an odd number of floors.

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  View of the Japanese Gateway, Kew Gardens, Richmond, London, England   Kew Gardens.

Chokushi-Mon (Gateway of the Imperial Messenger) is a four-fifths replica of the Gate of Nishi Hongan-ji (Western Temple of the Original Vow) in Kyoto, Japan. Created for the Japan-British Exhibition held at White City in London in 1910 the Japanese Gateway was then dismantled and reconstructed near the Pagoda in 1911. The Gateway is the finest example of a traditional Japanese building in Europe.

 

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  Photograph of the Japanese Gateway Garden, London, England   Kew Gardens.

Around the Chokushi-Mon, the Japanese landscape is in three distinct areas, each depicting one of the many different aspects of Japanese gardens. Overall, it is a dry stone kaiyu shiki (stroll-around) garden in the Momoyama rococo style of the 16th Century.

 

 

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  Photograph of  the Ruined Arch, Kew Gardens, Richmond, London, England   Kew Gardens.

Suitably decrepit and supposedly ancient buildings were vital ingredients of 18th-century garden architecture that sought the aesthetic ideal of the picturesque. Built by Sir William Chambers the arch wasn't just a mock ruin. It also served as a functional bridge over the path, enabling sheep and cattle to be brought from the Kew Road to the enclosed pastures within the Gardens.

 

 

 

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